Food

The Importance Of Your Toddler’s Diet In Preventing Obesity


The toddler years are a time of transition, especially between 1-2 years, when they are just learning to eat solid food and accepting new tastes and textures. And at this age, their nutritional requirements have stepped up and so their nutrition is a very important and vital aspect of their lives.

As much as you would want your toddler to eat well and get the needed nutrients to be healthy and strong, you also need to be very careful not to put your child at risk of obesity. Depending on the age, size, and activity level of your toddler, he/she needs about 1,000–1,400 calories a day and so if you allow your toddler consume more than the required caloric intake, you are putting him/her at a risk of childhood obesity.

Although nutrition is not the only factor responsible for the development of childhood obesity, it is definitely very important. A child’s total diet and activity level play an important role in determining a child’s weight.


You can prevent childhood obesity by helping your child maintain a healthy body weight. This is possible by balancing the calories your child consumes from foods and beverages with the calories your child uses through physical activity and normal growth.

Ensure that your toddler eats foods that provide adequate nutrition and an appropriate number of calories. You can also help children learn to be aware of what they eat by developing healthy eating habits, reducing calorie-rich temptations and ultimately looking for ways to make favourite dishes healthier.

The following are ways to encourage healthy eating habits for your toddler:

  • Include low-fat or non-fat milk or dairy products.
  • Choose lean meats, poultry, fish, lentils, and beans for protein.
  • Serve reasonably-sized portions.
  • Encourage your family to drink lots of water.
  • Limit sugar-sweetened beverages.
  • Limit consumption of sugar and saturated fat.

You should also reduce the amount of processed and canned foods present in your toddler’s diet because most of the time, they contain a very high amount of sodium and are low in iron and fibre. While doing all this, it is important you lead by example and involve the whole family so that your toddler doesn’t feel left out.

Also, it is important to incorporate a level of physical activity in your child’s day to day life. Remember that whatever you incorporate in your child at an early age goes a long way in influencing his/her health long term.

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How to Make Healthy Home-Made Peanut Butter


Peanut is a delicious and nutritious nut that everyone can snack on. It can be eaten alone or use as a compliment to other foods.

In Nigeria, many people do different food combinations with groundnut. Some of which are garri (cassava flakes) and groundnut, garden egg and groundnut, boli ( smoked plantain) and groundnut, peanut butter for the bread. It is even used for cooking soup too.

Today, you will be learning how to make home-made peanut butter that is natural with no sugar, salt or preservatives.


Ingredients

  • Raw or already roasted Groundnuts (of your desired quantity)
  • Garri
  • Salt

Method ( Roasting)

You should follow this procedure if you starting to make your peanut from the scratch

  • Pick stones from the raw groundnuts and soak in hot water until the water changes colour
  • Drain the water out, sprinkle a little salt and spread it on a tray out in the sun or oven. Dry until the wetness disappears. Roast in a pot or a pan
  • To make roast the groundnuts, preheat the pan by placing it on fire for a few minute before sprinkling the garri instead of sand in it.
  • Add your groundnut and stir on 5-minute interval so that it would roast evenly
  • Let it roast until you are satisfied till you get the level of brownness you want.
  • Remove it from pan and place in a colander or sieve for it to cool
  • After some minutes, you can taste it to enjoy your crunchy peanut

Oven

  • After the destoning, selection, soaking and salting of the peanuts which has been explained in details above.
  • You need to preheat your oven to about 350 degrees
  • Pour the already salted groundnut into your oven pan
  • Stir on a five minutes interval and let it roast for 15 to 20 minutes
  • Allow it cool for some minutes and store in an airtight container to help it remain crunchy.

Peanut Butter

After your roasted peanut is ready before it gets to room temperature, pour it into a clean cloth and dehusk by rubbing the clothes together. The crispier it is the easier it would be when grinding

  • Blow out the husk and place the groundnut into your food processor or mixer.
  • You can add other things like salt, sugar and pepper powder (this is optional).
  •  Do not fill the mixer jar to the brim with your peanuts.
  •  First, pulse it, then increase the speed of your food processor or mixer to make it into a smooth paste
  • When it cools, store in a plastic or glass airtight containers
  • Peanut butter can be stored for 2-4 weeks in a refrigerator and up to 6 months in a freezer.
  • Ensure that you stir the peanut butter thoroughly before every use.
  • Peanut is good for everyone (as long as you do not have allergies). It can be used as a weaning food for babies and a perfect accompaniment for finger foods, spread and cereals.

Note: If you are using a store-bought roasted peanut, you can toast and stir in a pan for about 5 minutes. Then pour it into the food processor for a good wipe into peanut butter.

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