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How To Imbibe Good Oral Hygiene From An Early Age


Bring up a child in the way he should go and when he is old he will not depart from it is a very popular adage that is known by virtually everyone. This adage applies to every aspect of a child’s life including dental hygiene. The first step towards a child having a good dental hygiene is to start from the moment their teeth emerges.

According to Vanguard News, tooth decay affects nearly all adults and 60–90% of children worldwide, with toothache being the number one reason for absenteeism from schools in many countries. Yet it is largely preventable. In fact, studies show that just brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste can reduce tooth decay by up to 50 percent in children, compared with only brushing once a day.

According to What To Expect, Baby teeth are vulnerable to decay as soon as they break through the gums. The best line of defense is to brush regularly for two minutes at a time in the morning after breakfast and in the evening after bedtime snack.


Young children have poorly developed swallowing reflexes, and so they usually end up swallowing the large amounts of toothpaste they add to the brush even though they have been advised to use pea sized toothpaste when brushing for kids.

Health experts have conducted a long-term study to specifically measure the impact of building good brushing habits in young children and demonstrating the positive long-term impact of brushing day and night for two minutes, every day. Just two years into the study, children who were participating had already experienced a significant reduction in dental cavities.

The Nigerian Dental Association (NDA) also recommends that you brush your teeth twice daily using fluoride toothpaste for fresh breath and to avoid dental diseases such as tooth decay, swollen gums, bad breath, sensitivity and tooth stains.

While most toothpastes contain fluoride and it should not be ingested while brushing your teeth because it can cause permanent tooth discoloration (dental fluorosis), stomach ailments, acute toxicity, skin rashes (perioral dermatitis), and impairment in glucose metabolism. Macleans has created the Macleans MilkTeeth Toothpaste specially for babies and toddlers.

Macleans MilkTeeth Toothpaste contains low levels of fluoride which is safer for young children and protects them from tooth decay. Macleans Milk Teeth contains natural flavours and is completely sugar-free with a gentle mint taste that will encourage your child to brush regularly. Make sure you spot the difference in the picture and save your children from the counterfeits. 

Are you looking for a good toothpaste with a low level of fluoride to start brushing your kid’s teeth with? Try out Macleans Milkteeth Toothpaste. Look out for it when next you go shopping. #ad

 

 

 

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What Can We Do To End Child Labor in Nigeria?


UNICEF defines Child labor is work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children and deprives them of opportunities for schooling and development. According to the International Labour Organization, the number of working children under the age of 14 in Nigeria is estimated at 15 million. These jobs include being street vendors, beggars, car washers or watchers and shoe shiners. Others work as apprentice mechanics, hairdressers and bus conductors while a large number work as domestic servants and farm hands.

Major causes of child labor are widespread poverty, rapid urbanization, breakdown in extended family affiliations, secondary school drop out rates, and lack of enforcement of legal instruments meant to protect children.

Although the main cause of child labor is Poverty, illiteracy also plays a role in Child labor. There are a lot of mothers on Lagos road that are seen begging with their children that are supposed to be in school. In the northern part there are a lot of cases of underage children being given up for marriage.


While some find themselves working because they become the breadwinner in their family either due to the death of their parents or illnesses beyond their control.  In Nigeria the people that are most affected by child labor are girls.

Just last month  16 children were rescued in the state from the various places where they were being used as laborers instead of their being in school in Ekiti State. Recently a 16-year old orphan nearly lost her life following a heavy bleeding consequent upon an incomplete abortion sponsored by her benefactor  where she was working as his house maid.

Just last month also a pregnant mother of two reportedly beat her eight year old house help until the girl died. You would wonder what can an eight year old child that probably can’t even take care of herself do in terms of housework? There are so many more stories that we have not even heard of.

The devastating part to child labor is the fact that it has long lasting effects on the children. Most of this children because they did not get to have adequate education end up as illiterates and drop outs doing odd jobs with no stable income. While most of the girls end up as prostitutes or teenage mothers due to the exposure that they experience everyday, the boys end up as street urchins terrorizing and causing havoc all over the place.

The effect of child labor does not only affect the child, it affects the society in general.  It is already hard enough in the country for people who had access to education not to talk of those without adequate education.

It would shock you to know that in Nigeria there are already laws laid down to protect children called the Child Rights Act that states that:

Buying, selling, hiring or otherwise dealing in children for purpose of begging, hawking, prostitution or for unlawful immoral purposes are made punishable by long terms of imprisonment. Other offences considered grave include sexual abuse, general exploitation which is prejudicial to the welfare of the child, recruitment into the armed forces and the importation /exposure of children to harmful publications. It further preserves the continued application of all criminal law provisions securing the protection of the child whether born or unborn.

The Act mandates parents, guardians, institutions and authorities in whose care children are placed, to provide the necessary guidance, education and training to enable the children live up to these responsibilities.

The Child Right Act (CRA) considers a child as a person below the age of 18 years (SECTION 21 of the CRA). It also states that a child’s best interest should be of utmost priority in any case involving a child (section 1 of the CRA 2003).

Even with the law already laid down it is a wonder that child labor is still very rampant in Nigeria infact you can’t step out of your house in the morning without seeing a child begging or hawking on the road while their counterparts are in school. The question we then have to ask ourselves as a community is what can we do to help and how can we stop child labor in Nigeria?

The first step to putting an end to Child Labor is for us to realize that it is not just up to one person, we are all responsible for putting an end to it. Although we have laws prohibiting child labor in Nigeria, child labor is still on the increase because there is no enforcement and defaulters are not made to face the wrath of the law.

 

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