Baby Health

How You Can Protect Your Baby From UTI (urinary tract infection)

Mothers take utmost care to avoid a cold, cough, or stomach infection in their babies. These pass through the baby’s nose or mouth into its body. But there is another source for the bacteria to enter the body – the urinary tract. Urinary tract infection or UTI is a common problem among children who are under two years. It can occur anywhere in any organ of the tract – bladder, urethra, ureter or kidneys.


UTI can be a result of internal reasons such as constipation and vesicoureteral reflux (a case where urine back-flows from the bladder into the ureters and kidneys). However, the infection in babies is mostly caused by poop particles, which are stuck onto their diapers/pants or the child’s tendency to hold on and control his urge to urinate.


The number of parents using diapers for their babies has increased drastically. We have gradually moved from cloth nappies to diapers, but our job does not end at just using a diaper for the baby.


  • Girls are at a higher risk than boys as their urethra is very near to the vaginal opening unlike in boys.
  • Not just the duration but also the leakage of urine from the diaper can cause infections in the baby.
  • Also, once the baby is old enough to move, it is hard to make him wear a diaper as he refuses to stay put at one place. This results in leakages and infections.

But this does not mean that we go back to cloth pants. What it means is that we need to select the right diaper and follow certain hygienic practices. Infection can be prevented in the baby by using a dry and breathable diapers, they absorb urine and runny poop quickly before they can enter your baby’s body and cause any damage. The absorbent diapers also prevent a diaper rash.Diapering is a convenient way for mothers to take a break from the daily chores of their babies. Using the right diaper is even more convenient as moms can stop worrying about infections too.

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5 Tips That Could Save Your Baby’s Life

As a parent, keeping your baby or child safe should be your number 1 priority.

Knowing what to do to help prevent accidents from happening and how to react should it become a reality should be of upmost importance for parents.

Here are 5 tips that could save your baby’s life.

1. Take notice of suffocation hazards in the home

A baby can suffocate if something covers his or her mouth and nose, thus preventing breathing. Plastic/nylon bags is a main culprit.They may seem flimsy, but a nylon bag can easily suffocate a young baby or toddler. A thin film of plastic can kill a child by suffocating him/her.

Teach older children never to put them over their heads and do not allow little children to play with them.  Even very young babies can grab it and put it over their head, as they are so light.

2. Never leave your child alone in the bath or bathtub

Babies and young children should never be left alone in the bath, not even for a minute.  Also using a bath seat or support is no replacement for parental supervision. Even if a baby is secured in a bath seat, do not leave them even for a second as it could still fall over.

A child can drown in a matter of minutes and it happens quickly and silently. A baby can slip under the water without crying or screaming or splashing around.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends the age of 4 before children are allowed to bathe alone.

3. Keep your baby alone from small objects to prevent choking

It’s a scary thing to see a choking child and it usually, happens when a baby or young child tries to swallow a piece of food or small object. Choking most frequently happens to babies between the ages of five and eighteen months.

Ensure that you keep all small objects out of reach of the baby who is at the hand-to-mouth stage of development. Safety pins should always be out of your baby’s reach and keep small toys or toys with small parts away from babies until they are old enough to handle them.  Parts broken off toys and games should be thrown away or be repaired. Also rid of small pieces of crayon.

Be alert for small objects that can cause choking, such as coins, buttons, beads, bits of torn plastic, seeds or broken balloons.  Make a habit or picking up these small items if they are lying around. Also note that toys are designed to be used by children within a certain age range.

4. Keep your baby away from electrical outlets

Electrical outlets can kill your child. There is something about an electrical outlet that attracts young children and this make electrical outlets extremely dangerous. If a child sticks wet fingers into an outlet, or even worse if a child sticks a piece of metal into an outlet, electrocution is a definite possibility. Electrocution frequently results in death and children die every year by electrocution.

5. Keep your child away from buckets

Do you know that buckets can kill small children? Children love water. When a child sees a bucket of water, it is an instant attraction. Unfortunately, toddlers are top heavy. If a toddler reaches into a bucket to touch the water, it is very easy for the child to fall right in headfirst and the child will never get back out.

Buckets are frequently used in Nigeria for bathing, fetching water, washing clothes and for household chores and pose a serious threat to babies and toddlers. Never leave a bucket of water in your house where small children can reach it. Even something as simple as answering the door or using the restroom can leave a window of time long enough to drown a child.

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