Baby Health

How Do You Handle Urinary Tract Infection In Kids?



Urinary tract infections (UTIs) is a bacterial infection that affects the urethra, bladder or kidney which is common that is common among children especially girls because their urethra is shorter and close to the anus. Uncircumcised boys under the age of one are more susceptible to urinary tract infection too.

Urinary tract infection sometimes presents in babies with fever, vomiting and general uneasiness and in kids you also find fever, lower belly pains, peeing a lot, pains when peeing and lower belly pain.

Cystitis

There are different types of Urinary tract infections one of which is cystitis. Cystitis occurs in the urethra and bladder. In addition to the other signs mentioned generally for all urinary tract infection, cystitis comes with burning sensation when urinating, feeling pressed to frequently, lots of peeing accidents even after been potty trained, foul smelling pee that looks cloudy or may contain blood etc.



Pyelonephritis

Another type of urinary tract infection is pyelonephritis which is more severe than cystitis although it has similar symptoms. In this case infection moves from the urethra to the kidney. Children with pyelonephritis look sicker with fever and shaking chills, tiredness and vomiting.

What predisposes a child to urinary tract infection?

  • Poor toilet hygiene: When the pee area is wrongly cleaned from back to front, fecal particles are transferred from the anus to the vagina area which can lead to infection.
  • There may be a blockage of the urinary tract that inhibits normal flow of urine.
  • The backward flow of urine from the bladder called vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). The urine flows up from the ureters and toward the kidneys.
  • A family history of urinary tract infections.

How can urinary tract infection be treated?

Urinary tract infection does not go on its own, you need to see a doctor. It is important that you do not delay when you observe these signs because if left to linger it can lead to kidney damage.

When UTIs are detected early, it is usually treated with antibiotics with prescribed dosage from your doctor which must be taken religiously so avoid resistance.

How can urinary tract infection be prevented?

You can reduce the chances of your baby, toddler coming down with urinary tract infection if you do the following;

  • Change diaper often to prevent the spread of bacteria
  • Teach your children good hygiene when potty training them. Show your daughters how to wipe from front to rear.
  • Avoid bubble baths and highly scented bath soaps because they tend to cause irritation in the pubic area.
  • Choose 100% panties and underwear’s instead of nylon.
  • Discourage holding down urine because the more this is done bacteria thrive well in it.
  • Make your kids drink plenty water and avoid caffeine.

 

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Signs Your Baby Might Have Hearing Problem



During my service year, I was among the NYSC NCCF(Nigeria Christian Corpers Fellowship) and we did regular community service whereby we went round to rural areas and donate few items to the less privileged. It was during one of these our community service that I met a small girl who was a little over a year old and after conversing with her mother I found out that the girl was deaf.

I was drawn to her because she was a twin and her twin(a girl also) was very jovial and everywhere but she was so quiet,I noticed she did not talk much she just stuck to her mother’s side throughout.

Her mother said that she noticed her daughter had not started talking properly, would not respond when being called unlike her twin. She initially said she thought she was just quiet and did not take her to the hospital until she was about 9 months.



This struck a chord with me because I wondered what could have been if it had been noticed earlier on and how they would have been able to tell that their baby was deaf early.

Many children are born deaf because of a genetic reason. Deafness can be passed down in families even though there appears to be no family history of deafness. Deafness can also be caused by complications during pregnancy.

Illnesses such as rubella, viral infection, parasitic infections and herpes can cause a child to be born deaf. There is also a range of medicines, known as ototoxic drugs, which can damage the hearing system of a baby before birth.

Children may become deaf after they are born. Being born prematurely can increase the risk of being deaf or becoming deaf. They may also be born with severe jaundice or experience a lack of oxygen at some point. Both of these can cause deafness.

In early childhood there is a range of things that can be responsible for a child becoming deaf. Infections like meningitis, measles and mumps can cause deafness.

Your baby’s ability to hear is in large part the foundation of his ability to learn. A hearing screening is the most important early way to tell if a baby’s hearing is impaired, but parents also need to be alert for warning signs.

Signs of hearing loss can be different for different babies, and the extent of hearing impairment can vary. There are various signs to look out for depending on how old your baby is:

Birth to 3 Months

  • Becomes quiet when around everyday voices or sounds
  • Reacts to loud sounds: baby startles, blinks, stops sucking, cries, or wakes up
  • Makes soft sounds when awake: baby gurgles

3 to 6 Months

  • Turns eyes or head toward sounds: voices, toys that make noise, a barking dog
  • Starts to make speech-like sounds: “ga,” “ooh,” “ba,” and p, b, m sounds
  • Reacts to a change in your tone of voice

6 to 9 Months

  • Responds to soft sounds, especially talking
  • Responds to own name and looks when called
  • Understands simple words: “no,” “bye-bye,” “juice”
  • Babbles: “da da da,” “ma ma ma,” “ba ba ba”

9 to 12 Months

  • Consistently responds to both soft and loud sounds
  • Repeats single words and copies animal sounds
  • Points to favorite toys or foods when asked

Hearing is very important for the development of a child because it holds them back when compared to their age mates. It is important that hearing problems are detected early so the child can get help early. If you notice any of these signs in your child it is important that you report to a doctor immediately so as to give the baby the best quality life possible.

 

 

 

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