Have You Been Vaccinated Against Cervical Cancer?

Editorial Team

Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Cervical cancer can often be successfully treated when it's found early. It is usually found at a very early stage through a Pap test.Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus, or HPV.

You can get HPV by having s.xual contact with someone who has it. There are many types of the HPV virus. Not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer. Some of them cause genital warts, but other types may not cause any symptoms.

Cancer of the cervix is highly preventable. Use of HPV vaccine is just an aspect of the primary prevention methods for this cancer,” said Dr Tosin Awolude, a consultant obstetric and gynaecologist, University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Oyo State.

HPV vaccination is recommended for both male and female, and women irrespective of their age can get vaccinated against the virus that causes cancer. HPV accounts for about 80 per cent of cervical cancer cases and can cause cancers of the penis in men as well. HPV can also cause cancers of the mouth, throat and anus in both men and women.

HPV infection is spread through s.xual contact or skin-to-skin contact. Its infection is very common. And so, the higher the number of s.xual partners one has, the more the likelihood of contracting more types of HPV and developing cancer as a result.

For maximum benefits, Dr Awolude said the HPV vaccination is recommended for girls that have never had s.xual intercourse.

According to him, “in Nigeria, it is recommended for girls between the ages of nine and 14 years. “It is to be given before their first s.xual intercourse because the vaccine does not cure the virus; it only prevents its acquisition.”

Two vaccines, Gardasil and Cervarix, are available. These vaccines can prevent most cases of cervical cancer, if they’re exposed to the virus, which is when it works best. In addition, these vaccines can prevent vaginal and vulvar cancer in women, while Gardasil can prevent genital warts and anal cancer in women and men.

Girls between ages nine and 14 need to take two doses of the vaccine and those above 15, including women of child bearing ages, are required to take three doses.

According to Dr Awolude, “these vaccines are safe and effective. Aside common reactions people may experience with injections, such as pain at the injection point, adverse reactions to the vaccine are very rare.”

Research has shown that  response to the vaccine is better at younger ages than it is at older ages. Dr Awolude added that abstinence from s.x and keeping to one s.xual partner were also important in preventing contracting HPV, and thus some cancers.

“Abstinence from s.x, especially when the girl is below 18 years, is also preventive. Their genital tract is still developing and as such it can easily be infected by any organism, including HPV.

“In addition, those who are s.xually active need to keep to one partner because HPV, the organism that causes the cancer, is s.xually transmitted majorly. The more the number of s.xual partners, the higher the risk of getting exposed to many more strains of the virus and as such the higher the risk of developing cancer.”

In women that are s.xually active, Dr Awolude said that regularly screening for the virus or looking for signs of its infection.

See below list of screening centers:

LAGOS

Qmed Diagnostics
3 Adeniran Ogunsanya Str Beside FedEX
Surulere, Lagos
08033002946

Suite 013 Clinic Floor Law School Hostel Complex.
Adeola Hopewell Street VI Lagos.
01-4540554
Pap Test
N8000

Optimal Cancer Care
118 Bode Thomas Street Surulere, Lagos
08081076646
VIA N2000 (Monday to Thursday). .Free on Friday
HPV Vaccination .(10% off when you mention Exquisite Magazine)

The Specialist Laboratories
6, Sodipo St Off Mabo Street
Surulere Lagos
0805 329 4661
Pap Test: N7000
HPV DNA Testing: N20000
Pap Test & HPV DNA Testing (Combined):N25000

Foremost Radiology
50 Ogunlana Drive Surulere, Lagos
08062392299
Pap Test
N8000

LUTH
Well Woman Clinic
2nd Floor Surgical Outpatient
Lagos University Teaching Hospital
Idi-Araba, Surulere, Lagos
Pap Test
N4250
Clinic Hours: 9am-1pm

Medicheck
46 Oduduwa Crescent GRA Ikeja Lagos
08189804994
Pap Test
N8000

Echo Scan
88B Opebi Road
Ikeja, Lagos
0808 035 0808
Pap Test

Help Diagnostics
1 Ikorodu Road Maryland Lagos (behind Mobil Filling Station) 08187151810
Pap Test
N7000

Paramount Diagnostics
Plot 1093/94,
4th avenue,
Festac Town, Lagos
01 291 8304
Pap Test

Mecure Lekki
Niyi Okunubi Street, Lekki Phase One (Opposite Mainstreet Bank) Lekki, Lagos.
07018782020,
07018782021
Mecure Oshodi
07000632873
Pap Test N8600

Health Kinect Clinic
1st Floor, Beulah Land Plaza
Lekki Expressway Lekki
08023039096
Pap Test
VIA

ABUJA
Firmcare Lab
Suite A3/A4,Tswanya Centre,
Area 11
Garki
08091064763
Pap Test

MedicAid Diagnostics
2, Librevile Street,Off Aminu Kano Crescent,
Wuse 2
0708744634
VIA (Free this month)
Pap Test (N5000 this month)
HPV Vaccination (N7000 per dose this month)

ECHO Scan
21, Otukpo Street
Off Onitsha Crescent
Gimbiya Street
Area 11
08106538959, 08034970513
Pap Test

IBADAN
ABC Foundation
Block 1 plot 4, Ibadan Municipal Government, off Adeoyo State hospital Ring Road
VIA
HPV testing
07010368526

IBADAN
Mecure
5, Awosika Avenue, Old Bodija
07066615139
07088646032
Pap Test

KADUNA
ECHO Scan
4, Katsina Road,
by Independence Way
08023098373
Pap Test
N8000

KANO
MECURE
8, Post Office Road (Opposite MoH)
Kano.
07088646026
07088650983
Pap Test

PORT HARCOURT
Hugo Health Systems
82 Peter Odili Road
08037908623
09052339306
Pap Test: N12000
HPV Vaccination: N14000 per dose

PathCare
41 Evo Road GRA, Phase II
PH
08140370869

UMUAHIA
Mecure
Opposite Federal Medical Center
Aba – Oweri Road
Umuahia
07088646026
Pap Test: N8400

BENIN-CITY
1. Central Hospital
2. University of Benin Teaching Hospital

ASABA
ECHO Scan
Penny Mart Estate
272/273 Nnebisi Road
Opp. First Bank, Beside FCMB
07039539465

ABA
Mecure
Abia State University Teaching Hospital
Ahiaba Umeze Road, Aba
07006328732
Pap Test

JOS
Meena Histopathology Lab
Close to Christian Pilgrims & Hospital Management board
08091555722
Pap Test
N5000

KWARA
Leah Foundation
Abdulkareem Adisa GRA
Ilorin
08136438010
VIA
:N1000
Pap Test: N3500
HPV Vaccine
N10000 dose
Leah Foundation
GEN. HOSP. LAFIAGI
Contact: 07068822283
Leah Foundation
OKESUNA HEALTH CENTRE
Contact: 08065538440 .

IPERU (Near Babcock Uni) OGUN STATE
KAAF Building. Iperu.
VIA.
Free every 3rd week of the month. Thurs – Sat 08132354647

 Source:, Tribuneonlineng,Estherng

 

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