Rubella In Nigeria and Its Effect During Pregnancy

Editorial Team

Hi Mamalettes, since this is the world immunization week we are going to be focusing on immunization. What vaccines to have before, during and after pregnancy. We would also be talking about how it affects pregnancy. Today we are focusing on Rubella also known as German Measles.

According to MarchofDimes, Rubella is an infection that causes mild flu-like symptoms and a rash on the skin. It’s very contagious and is spread through the air from an infected person’s cough or sneeze.

Rubella is quite different from measles. Although Rubella is mild and lasts  for a shorter period of time compared to measles it is very dangerous during pregnancy compared to measles.

Rubella is only harmful to an unborn baby in the womb. If you get infected during pregnancy, rubella can cause serious problems for your baby.

Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke and Henry Chukwuebuka Udenenwu conducted a study on rash illness cases in Kebbi State, Northwest Nigeria, from January, 2014 to December, 2015.

They discovered that of the 413 cases reported 2.9% was rubella. In Abia state 10.9% of rash related cases reported was rubella.

Rubella can be a serious threat to your pregnancy, especially during the first and second trimesters. Having rubella during pregnancy increases the risk of:

  • Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) – This happens when a mother passes rubella to her baby during pregnancy. It may cause  birth defects,such as heart problems, vision problems, hearing problems, intellectual disability, bone problems, growth problems, and liver and spleen damage.
  • Miscarriage
  • Stillbirth
  • Premature birth

The best way to protect your baby is to make sure you’re immune to rubella. If you're immune to an infection, it means you can't get the infection.

Center for Diseases Control and Prevention advise that even before becoming pregnant, make sure you are up to date on all your vaccines. This will help protect you and your child from serious diseases.

 

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