School Age

5 Values Your Children Should Have By Age 5



Most parent believe their children are not old enough to know some things, but the earlier you put some thoughts, ideas and values in your kids, the better for you, your child and the world at large. By the time your kids are age 5, they should have these important values instilled in them, and if your child is already over 5 years of age, it’s still not too late. The reason why most parents have problems with their kids is because they wait until it’s too late before teaching their kids values which will make them into men and women enviable character.

Here are some of the values you should instill in your child;

1. Honesty

Never condone dishonesty, make sure your child tells the truth even from an early stage,  live by example and frown at every little act of dishonesty. When you are honest, they will follow your path. Encourage them to be honest with their friends, and when your kids lie, try to make them say the truth instead of punishing or raising your voice to them.

2. Justice

By age 5 your kids already know what’s right and wrong, but they also need to know what to do when a wrong is done them. And when they do something that is wrong, they should understand that it merits punishment and when they see their mate being bullied at school, they should offer to help. Putting a sense of fairness in your kids will ensure they treat people right.

3. Determination

Young children easily give up after a few trials, simply refraining from praising your child too much will help them become more determined to do more and achieve more. If your child does the things that they should normally do like brushing their teeth, wearing their clothes, these are normal things they should do, so it doesn’t deserve praise. When you only praise your kid when they deserve it, your kids will keep wanting to do things that’ll impress you enough to praise them. Help your children develop determination by encouraging  them to do things that don’t come easily-and to praise them for their initiative.

4. Consideration

Teach your child to be considerate, by making them pity with you in a situation, to do this, empathise with your child and use lessons they can easily understand to teach them. If your child is able to see that words or actions can work to make someone feel better, they’re already learning the value of consideration. Teach them to be kind to others as this will make them feel better.

 

5. Love

Your child loves you, and your husband but that doesn’t mean they know the value of love. Children love fiercely and affectionately, but if you want your kid to keep displaying and valuing love in years to come, you need to teach them to always work to reciprocate generous acts of love to the people around them.

The best way to teach your kids all these values is to live by example. Kids learn better by looking at what is happening around them, show your little ones love and consideration and they’d do the same.

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Does Your Child Itch Uncontrollably At Night? It Just Might Be Scabies



Scabies is an itchy rash that is caused by tiny mites called Sarcoptes scabiei.

These mites burrow into and lay egg under the skin. It is a common rash that spread fast through skin-to-skin contact. If your baby has been scratching his skin especially in the night then it might be scabies!

In the beginning, you can easily overlook the presence of scabies because it looks similar to the other types of rashes.  One of the distinct and unmistakable sign is that of continuous itching and trails of burrows on the skin where the female mite lays her egg.



The burrow trails are usually greyish to white colour. Mites often prefer the head, neck, face, palms, and soles of the feet to lay its egg. Scabies in children does not manifest fast. It takes about a month to six weeks for the skin to react to the infection. Scabies does not happen because your child or home is dirty.

Symptoms of Scabies in Kids

  • Unrelenting itching especially at night or after a hot bath
  • A pimple like rashes
  • Scales or blisters
  • Sores (due to scratching)

Ways of Contracting Scabies

Scabies mites can live up to two to three days on the surface of clothes, bedding, or towels. Scabies can easily spread fast at crowded places, day care centres where mites can easily crawl from one person to the other which could be from a caregiver or from infant to infants.

If an infected child shares beddings, play mats or towels and other clothing items it can escalate the outbreak. It is easy to catch it from an infected family member too.

Kids cannot contract scabies from pets because the mites that infect them is different from the one that infect humans.

Treatment of Scabies

If you confirmed that your baby has scabies and he attends a daycare then you have to notify the caregivers so they can contain the spread and get appropriate treatment for themselves and other babies even if they are not showing any signs of infection. Scabies is an infection that you cannot wave aside and wait it out, it needs to be treated with medications from the doctor to kill the mites.

Your child will have to stay at home until treatment is completed. Your doctor will likely prescribe a lotion or cream (usually 5% permethrin cream) to put on your baby’s skin.

Give your child a lukewarm bath or shower and dry her skin gently before you apply the cream all over the body. You can reapply on the hand if the child washes it off.  Leave the cream on for 8-12 hours. If your child has scabies, then the whole family should be treated at the same time.

Wash all clothing, linen, towels and soft toys, using the hottest setting possible to destroy the mites and its eggs. Vacuum all carpets and mattresses. For the things you can’t wash, spray them with insecticide and leave them closed in a plastic bag for up to a week to avoid reinfection.

If the itching continues for more than four weeks or a new rash appears, go see your doctor. Do not reapply the lotion or cream unless your doctor recommended it.

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