When a couple are having trouble conceiving, the attention is always on the woman and not the woman yet male infertility accounts a couple’s inability to conceive 40-50% of the time. Male infertility can be caused by various disorders and series of comprehensive tests have to be done to determine the cause.
Below are some of the disorders that causes male infertility;
Azoospermia also called “no sperm count” is the medical condition when a man’s sperm count is equal or less than 15 million/ml in his semen. The absence of sperm could be as a result of obstruction in the flow from the testicle or failure in sperm production (spermatogenesis). If the test performed on the testicle shows that spermatogenesis was normal then an obstruction could be the cause of azoospermia. A vasogram (x-ray) will then be performed to identify where the obstruction is.
2. Klinefelter’s Syndrome
Klinefelter syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that causes a man to be born with one or more extra chromosomes. Normally a male should be born with one Y and one X chromosome, the presence of more than one X means he has female trait. Very small testicle may be a sign of Klinefelter’s Syndrome. A chromosome investigation will be done to determine if he has an extra X a female chromosome.
3. Presence of Antibodies
Antibodies are special proteins that fight against a man’s sperm in blood or semen, to find out if a man has such in his sperm a sample of his semen will be collected and checked under microscope. If antibodies are present, the sperm will stick together, a blood sample may also be collected to check for the presence of agglutinating and other sperm inhibiting antibodies.
4. Bacterial Infection
Infection in the sperm characterized by the presence of excessive white blood cells in the semen may reduce the sperm’s ability to fertilise an egg. The semen should be cultured in a lab to determine the type of infection it is.
5. Hormone Disorders
It’s not only women that experience hormonal disorder, even men do. But hormone disorder rarely cause male infertility but a check up of his F.S.H., L.H., testosterone (male hormone), prolactin and thyroid hormone levels would help.
The only sure way to find out the exact cause of male infertility is to go for fertility testings, but the purpose of this article is to point the major disorders that could cause male infertility. And now you know infertility isn’t relative to women alone.